Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR)
A means of settling a potential claim without the expense and trouble of going through formal court proceedings. Alternatives include mediation or conciliation.
The person who makes the claim.
An argument or defence in reply to the claim made by the Claimant.
Questioning the witnesses from the other side to determine if they are telling the truth. This could allow the questioner to advance the case.
Compensation awarded by the Court.
The person that the claim is made against.
Informing each side what documents they each hold for their client which are relevant to the case.
To force an unsuccessful Defendant to comply with the judgment against them. A procedure carried out in the County Court or High Court.
Process of gaining evidence through questioning of the witnesses.
Placing the documents at the Court.
Letter of Claim
Letter sent to the defendant warning that settlement should be made before court proceedings are taken.
Person under 18
To take reasonable steps to reduce your losses.
Particulars of Claim
Statement of terms setting out details of the claim against the Defendant.
Steps to be taken set out in a statement before commencing a court case.
Claims worth less than £5000 are dealt with through the Small Claims track.
Statement of Case
The formal documents presented to the court, giving details of the claim against the parties. These are usually the Particulars of Claim, Defence and Counterclaim.
Correspondence between parties, kept confidential and not revealed to the court until after the hearing.
A witnesses signed statement setting out their evidence.
A document issued by the court to compel the witness to attend court for questioning.
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